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2003年 英文 中國史書訊

2004年

本欄啟始日期:2003年7月25日

最近更新日期:2003年11月4日

本欄排序原則:依月份與編輯作業之順序。

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[最近更新]

Law and Order in Sung China, by Brian E. McKnight (Author) , Cambridge University Press; (February 2003)

  This study examines law enforcement within the context of Sung society. Professor McKnight shows that the group of criminals who were the core of the habitual criminal group in Sung China were young unattached males with few lifeskills. What became of the criminal after capture and conviction is also an important aspect of this study, which addresses basic questions in Chinese punishment. This work is the first comprehensive study of law enforcement in traditional China. The depth and rigor to which the subject is treated would make it most appropriate for scholars in legal history and East Asian studies.
 

這個研究檢視宋代社會背景中法律的強制執行。McKnight教授指出,宋代中國慣性犯罪集團的核心成員,是一群具備很少生活技能、缺乏依附關係的年輕人。罪犯遭逮捕與判刑後的下場,也是這個研究的重要面相,這一點也道出中國在懲罰上的基本問題。本書是第一部廣泛研究傳統中國法律強制執行的作品,本書在處理此一課題的深度與嚴謹,使其合適於法制史與東亞研究的學者。

Images of Women in Chinese Thought and Culture: Writings from the Pre-Qin Period to the Song Dynasty, by Robin Wang (Editor), Hackett Pub Co; (June 2003)

  This rich collection of writings—many translated especially for this volume and some available in English for the first time—provides a journey through the history of Chinese culture, tracing the Chinese understanding of women as discussed in writings spanning more than two thousand years. From the earliest inscriptions on oracle bones from the Pre-Qin period through the poems and stories of the Song Dynasty, these works form a mosaic of Chinese images of women and their roles in society, in terms of such topics as human nature, gender, virtue, and cosmology.
  在此豐富的作品彙集中(許多是特別為此書而翻譯,有些在英文中更是首見)為飽覽中國文化的歷史,闢出一段旅程;此書追溯了這些在時間距離上超過二千年的作品中所論及之中國對女性的瞭解。從先秦時期甲骨文上最早的刻文,一直到宋朝的詩歌與故事,這些作品,對於中國對女性之意像,及其在社會中的角色,就人性、性別、品德與宇宙觀等主題上,構成一幅由紛歧的片斷所組成的華麗圖像。
Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen: Nature, Knowledge, Imagery in an Ancient Chinese Medical Text, by Paul U. Unschuld (Author), University of California Press; (April 2003)
  The Huang Di nei jing su wen, known familiarly as the Su wen, is a seminal text of ancient Chinese medicine, yet until now there has been no comprehensive, detailed analysis of its development and contents. Paul U. Unschuld traces the history of the Su wen to its origins in the final centuries b.c.e., when numerous authors wrote short medical essays to explain the foundations of human health and illness on the basis of the newly developed vessel theory. He examines the meaning of the title and the way the work has been received throughout Chinese medical history, both before and after the eleventh century when the text as it is known today emerged. Unschuld's survey of the contents includes discussions of the yin-yang and five-agents doctrines, the perception of the human body and its organs, qi and blood, pathogenic agents, concepts of disease and diagnosis, and different kinds of therapies, including the then-new technique of acupuncture.
  以《Su wen》(素問)一名為人所熟知的《Huang Di nei jing su wen》(黃帝內經素問),是中國古代醫療的根源文獻,但對其發展與內容,至目前尚未有包容廣泛而詳盡的分析。Paul U. Unschuld追溯《素問》歷史的起源到西元前一世紀;在這個時代,許多作者寫下短篇的醫療論著,以新發展的經脈(vessel)理論為基礎,來解釋人體健康與疾病的基本原則。他檢視了書名的意涵,以及今日所見的這篇文獻在十一世紀出現之前及其後,這部作品在整個中國醫療史上被接受的方式。Unschuld對其內容的探察,論及陰陽、五行觀,人體的感知與器官,氣(qi)和血,致病的媒介、疾病與診療的概念,以及各種不同的療法,包括針炙的□□(then-new)技術。(懇請專家學者賜告then-new的意涵)

Monastic Life in Medieval Daoism: A Cross-Cultural Perspective,by Livia Kohn, University of Hawaii Press; (July 2003)

  In Monastic Life in Medieval Daoism, a senior scholar of Daoist studies presents for the first time a detailed description and analysis of the organization and practices of medieval Daoist monasteries. Following an introduction to the wider, comparative issues involved in the study of monasticism, Livia Kohn outlines the origin, history, conceptual understanding, and social position of the monasteries, which came into their own early in the Tang dynasty. She examines texts from this period along with the architectural layout of Daoist monasteries, the daily discipline and interpersonal etiquette of monks and nuns, their implements and vestments, as well as the liturgical dimension (regular services, annual festivals, and special rites such as funerals) of monastic life. Throughout, Professor Kohn maintains a high comparative level, linking the Daoist situation and practices not only with Chinese popular, Confucian, Buddhist, and lay Daoist traditions, but also with relevant examples from Indian Buddhism and medieval Christianity.
Monastic Life in Medieval Daoism breaks new ground in Daoist studies, the understanding of Chinese religion and medieval society, and the theoretical understanding and interpretation of the comparative phenomenon of monasticism. It will be required reading for scholars of Daoist studies and Chinese religion and medieval history and illuminating to experts in comparative religion and religious studies in general as well as to the wider public interested in questions of monastic life.
 

就中古道教的宮觀生活,一位道教研究的資深學者首度就中古道教宮觀的組織、運作提出了詳盡的描述與分析。Livia Kohn在介紹涉及修道制度的廣泛而有比較性的導論之後,概述始於唐朝之宮觀的起源、歷史、對宮觀在概念上的理解,及其社會位置。她檢視這個時期起始的文獻,道教宮觀的建築佈置、日常的戒律、男女修道者人際間的禮儀、他們身上的配件與法衣,以及宮觀生活中崇拜的面向(規律的宗教儀式、年度的慶典以及諸如葬禮的特殊儀式)。Kohn在本書處處保持「比較」的高度水平,不只將道教的處境與運作與中國民間、儒教、佛教以及世俗的道教傳統相連結,更和印度佛教、中古基督教的相關範例相聯繫。

中古道教的宮觀生活在道教研究上、對中國宗教與中古社會的理解上,以及對於比較諸修道制度的現象採取理論的理解與詮釋上,開闢了新天地。道教研究、中國宗教與中古歷史的學者需要一讀此書;對於比較宗教學,以及一般的宗教研究的專家,乃至對於修道生活之課題感興趣的公眾,皆書亦富有啟示。

Autumn Willows : Poetry by Women of China's Golden Age, by Li Ye (Author), Xue Toa (Author), Yu Xuanji (Author), Story Line Press; (September 2003)

  The fabled middle Tang dynasty of China lasted almost three hundred years (618–905). These centuries embodied martial conflict, unbelievable wealth and opulence for a few, and horrible poverty for many. Through it all, an unwieldy caste system governed lord and serf alike. In this exotic, beautiful, and forbidding culture, poetry was revered and practiced by many. Three women poets, especially, endured through the centuries as the voices of their time. For the first time in English, the poetry of the Taoist priestesses, Le Yi and Yu Xuanji, and the slave, Xue Tao is presented.

  中國著名的唐朝立國近三百年(618-905)。對少數人,這幾世紀呈現軍事的衝突、難以置信的富裕與豪華;對大數人,則是令人駭懼的貧困。一個同時主宰統治者與被統治者的龐大遲滯的階層體系,貫串整個時代。在這個充斥異國風情、美感,同時也約束人的文化中,許多人尊崇詩歌,也寫作詩歌。有三位女性詩人經歷這些世紀中的困苦,發出其所處時代之心聲。此書首度以英文呈現道教女冠——李治、漁玄機,以及妓戶薛濤的的詩作。
State Formation in Early China (Duckworth Debates in Archaeology Series), by Li Liu, Xingcan Chen, Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd (29 August, 2003) .
  A study that makes use of an interdisciplinary approach to challenge traditional theories of state formation in China and promote debate on early Chinese history. Analyzing data from archaeology, geology, cultural geography, ethnohistory and ancient texts, the authors show how the procurement of key external resources - especially metal and salt - drove the dynamics of state formation in early China in the period of 1800-1400BC.
  這是個運用跨學科取徑來挑戰過去中國國家形成之理論的研究,並促進討論中國早期的歷史。作者分析的資料來自考古學、地理學、文化地理學、民族史和古代文獻,他表示,如何取得關鍵的外部資源—包括鐵和鹽,是推動中國早期在西元前1800-1400年間國家成形的動力。
The Formation of Chinese Civilization: An Archaeological Perspective (The Culture & Civilization of China), by K.C. Chang, Xu Pingfang, Sarah Allan (Editor), Yale University Press (23 August, 2003) .
  Palaeolithic sites from one million years ago, Neolithic sites with extraordinary jade and ceramic artefacts, excavated tombs and palaces of the Zhou and Shang dynasties - all these are part of the archaeological riches of China. This is a survey of China's archaeological remains, in the process rewriting the early history of the world's most enduring civilization. Scholars from China and America show how archaeological evidence proves that Chinese culture did not spread from a single central area, as has previously been assumed, but emerged out of geographically diverse, interacting Neolithic cultures. Taking us into the great archaeological finds of the past 100 years - tombs, temples, palaces, cities - they seek to shed light on many aspects of Chinese life. Featuring hundreds of reproductions of archaeological discoveries, this should be a useful resource for anyone interested in Chinese antiquity.
  百萬年前的舊石器時代遺址、有著驚人玉器和陶器製品的新石器時代遺址,和從商、周朝掘出的墓葬與宮殿——所有這些都屬於中國的考古寶藏。本書綜覽中國的考古遺存,而這些遺存仍在繼續改寫世上最恆久之文明的早期歷史。來自中國與美國的學者在書中解說,考古證據如何證明中國文化並非如先前所假設、是從單一中心區域向外擴散;而是從地理上互異而互動的新石器文化中浮現。他們藉著帶領我們進入過去百年來偉大的考古發現,包括墓葬、宗廟、宮殿和城市,進而解釋了中國生活的許多方面。本書以上百個考古發現的翻拍為特色,對於任何對中國古代感到興趣的人,將會是個有用的資源。
History and Anthropological Study of the Ancient Kingdoms of the Sino-Tibetan Borderland - Naxi and Mosuo (Mellen Studies in Anthropology) , by Christine Mathieu, edwin Mellen Press (1 August, 2003)
  This work is a multidimensional anthropological study devoted to the history of Naxi social institutions and the political history of the southwestern Sino-Tibetan frontier. It covers data on both matrilineal and patrilineal Mosuo society, and ethnographic information on patrilineal Mosuo families.
  這部作品是個關注納西(Naxi)社會體制與漢藏西南邊界之政治史的多面相人類學研究。它的資料涵蓋母系與父系雙行的摩梭(Mosuo)社會,以及父系摩梭家庭的民族誌內容。
Sexual Life in Ancient China, a Preliminary Survey of Chinese Sex and Society from Ca. 1500 B.C. Till 1644 A.D (Sinica Leidensia, 57), by Robert Hans Van Gulik, Paul Rakita Goldin, Brill Academic Publishers (February 2003) .
  In 1961 Robert van Gulik published his pioneering overview of Sexual Life in Ancient China. This edition of the work is preceded by an elaborate introduction by Paul Rakita Goldin assessing the value of Van Gulik’s volume, the subject itself, and its author. The introduction is followed by an exensive and up-to-date bibliography on the subject, which guides the modern reader in the literature on the field which appeared after the publication of Van Gulik's volume. One of the criticisms in 1961 regarded the Latin translations of passages deemed too explicit by Van Gulik (and possibly the publisher). In this 2002 edition all Latin has for the first time been translated into unambiguous English, thus making the full text widely available to an academic audience.
  1961年,Robert van Gulik出版開拓性的概述之作《中國古代房內考》(Sexual Life in Ancient China)。該作品的這個版本,由Paul Rakita Goldin在精心的引介中,評價Van Gulik之著作的價值、該課題本身,及其作者的貢獻。引介之後繼之以該主題廣泛而且最新的研究書目,指引當下的讀者認識該領域在Van Gulik之書問世後所出現的研究文獻。1961年時,對Van Gulik之著述的一個批評是認為,在Van Gulik(也可能是出版商)看來,書中以拉丁文翻譯的段落過於理所當然。在2002年的這個版本中,所有拉丁文首度翻譯成明白清楚的英文,讓學院讀者可以廣泛利用全文。
Sovereignty and Authenticity: Manchukuo and the East Asian Modern, by Prasenjit Duara, Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; (June 2003) .
  In this powerful and provocative book, Prasenjit Duara uses the case of Manchukuo, the Japanese puppet state in northeast China from 1932-1945, to explore how such antinomies as imperialism and nationalism, modernity and tradition, and governmentality and exploitation interacted in the post-World War I period. His study of Manchukuo, which had a population of 40 million and was three times the area of Japan, catalyzes a broader understanding of new global trends that characterized much of the twentieth century. Asking why Manchukuo so desperately sought to appear sovereign, Duara examines the cultural and political resources it mobilized to make claims of sovereignty.

He argues that Manchukuo, as a transparently constructed "nation-state," offers a unique historical laboratory for examining the utilization and transformation of circulating global forces mediated by the "East Asian modern." Not only did Manchukuo draw technologies of modern nation-building from China and Japan, but it provides a window into how some of these techniques and processes were obscured or naturalized in the more successful East Asian nation-states. With its sweepingly original theoretical and comparative perspectives on nationalism and imperialism, this book will be essential reading for all those interested in contemporary history.

Introduction (可於該出版社中下載)

  杜贊奇(Prasenjit Duara)在其有力與激發思索的書中,以日本於1932年至1945年在中國東北所扶植的政權滿洲國為案例,探討諸如帝國主義與民族主義、現代與傳統、統治與剝削等背反的二元性,如何在第一次世界大戰後的期間交互作用。杜贊奇對擁有四千萬的人口、面積為日本三倍的滿洲國的研究,對於頗能描述二十世紀之特色的新全球趨勢,激發出更寬闊的認識。他在為何滿洲國如此不顧一切力求突顯主權此一問題下,檢視滿洲國為達到其所宣稱的主權而動員的文化與政治資源。
杜贊奇主張,作為明顯建構出來之「民族國家」的滿洲國,為檢視藉由「東亞現代性」所傳達的、流動性之全球勢力的利用與轉化,提供了歷史上獨一無二的實驗室。滿洲國不只是從中國與日本借用現代國家構築的技術,滿洲國還讓人瞭解到,在更為成功的東亞民族國家中,部分的技術與構築過程如何被模糊與吸收。本書對民族主義、帝國主義有全然原創的理論觀點和比較視野,將成為所有對當代歷史感興趣之人士的基本讀物。
Metamorphosis of the Private Sphere: Gardens and Objects in Tang-Song Poetry (Harvard East Asian Monographs, 225) by Xiaoshan Yang, Harvard Univ Pr; (October 2003)
 

The Chinese garden has been explored from a variety of angles. Much has been written about its structural features as well as its cosmological, religious, philosophical, moral, aesthetic, and economic underpinnings. This book deals with the poetic configurations of the private garden in cities from the ninth to the eleventh century in relation to the development of the private sphere in Chinese literati culture. It focuses on the ways in which the new values and rhetoric associated with gardens and the objects found in them helped shape the processes of self-cultivation and self-imaging among the literati, as they searched for alternatives to conventional values at a time when traditional political, moral, and aesthetic norms were increasingly judged inapplicable or inadequate.

The garden was also an artifact and a locus for material culture and social competition. Focusing on a series of anecdotes about private transactions involving objects in gardens, the author dissects the intricate nexus between the exchange of poetry and the poetry of exchange. In tracing the development of the private urban garden through the writings of Bai Juyi, Su Shi, Sima Guang, and their contemporaries, the author argues that this private space figured increasingly as a place of disengagement for those out of political power and hence was increasingly invaded by political forces.

 

向來對中國亭園有來自各種不同視角的探討;關於其結構特徵,及其宇宙觀、宗教、哲學、道德、美學與經濟上的依據等,已經寫出了非常多的作品。本書則是處理九到十一世紀、城市中私人亭園詩意的佈局,與中國文人文化中私領域之發展的關係。本書專注在:當文人處於傳統的政治、道德與美學規範日漸證明為不可行或不適切的時代、而在傳統價值之外尋求其他的選擇時,與亭園相聯繫的新價值觀與新的修辭、以及可見於園林中的物品等,如何在文人中協助他們塑造自我涵養與自我想像的過程。

亭園也是人為藝品,以及物質文化和社會競爭的場所。藉由聚焦在一連串關於亭園中涉及物品之私人互動的軼事,作者剖析出詩文之互贈,與互贈之詩文兩者間糾纏的連結。作者藉由從白居易、蘇軾、司馬光及其同時代人的作品,追溯出城市中私人亭園的發展,並主張,對那些喪失政治權力的人而言,亭園此一私人空間作為脫離紛紜擾攘之地的意涵逐漸增加,但也因此日益遭到政治勢力的入侵。

Chinese Spatial Strategies: Imperial Beijing, 1420-1911, by Jianfei Zhu, Curzon Press; (November 2003)
  Chinese Spatial Strategies presents a study of social spaces of the capital of Ming Qing China (1420-1911). Focusing on early Ming and early and middle Qing, it explores architectural, urban and geographical space of Beijing, in relation to issues of history, geopolitics, urban social structure, imperial rule and authority, symbolism, and aesthetic and existential experience. At once historical and theoretical, the work argues that there is a Chinese approach to spatial disposition which is strategic and holistic.
  《中國的空間策略》一書呈現出對明清中國(1420~1911)首都之社會空間的研究。本書焦點集中在明代初期與清代前期、中期,就北京的建築、都市與地理空間,與歷史、地理、城市的社會結構、帝國的統治與權威、象徵,以及美感和存在的經驗等議題的關聯,一一加以探討。這部作品具有「歷史」與「理論」的意涵,並論證:存在一種其空間配置是策略性與整體論的中國路線。
Street Culture in Chengdu: Public Space, Urban Commoners, and Local Politics, 1870-1930, by Di Wang, Stanford University Press, August 2003.
  From the Publisher
"This book examines street culture in Chengdu, an under-studied inland city, during the transformative decades between 1870 and 1930, in order to explore various topics: the relationship between urban commoners and public space; the role that community and neighborhood played in public life; how the reform movement and the Republican revolution changed everyday life; and how popular culture and local politics interacted." Drawing on a rich array of Chinese and Western sources - including archives, local newspapers, gazetteers, personal records, folk literature, and field investigation - the author argues that life in public spaces was radically transformed in Chengdu in the early twentieth century. This transformation resulted in the reconstruction of urban public space, the re-creation of people's public roles, and the redefinition of the relations between ordinary people, local elites, and the state. Urban residents, especially the poor, used the street as shared space for everyday commercial, recreational, and ceremonial activities. With the onset of social change, Western-influenced reformers in Chengdu sought to regulate the use of public space, and commoners had to struggle to maintain their claim to the street. The net impact of this study is to open a new way of understanding Chinese urban society and culture during these transformative years.
  本書檢視一個尚未充分研究的內陸地市——成都,從1870到1930這數十年的變遷期中的街道文化,以探索不同的課題,包括城市百姓和公共空間的關係;社群與鄰里在公共生活中所扮演的角色:晚清的改革運動與共和國的革命如何改變日常生活:大眾文化以及地方政治如何交互作用。作者取用豐富整齊的中、西文資料,包括檔案、地方報紙、地方指南、私人文書、民俗文獻以及田野調查,藉以論證:二十世紀早期成都公共空間的生活發生劇烈的轉變。這一轉變導源於城市公共空間的重組、人民之公共角色的再創造,以及一般人、地方菁英和國家之關係的重新界定。城市居民,尤其是貧窮人,將街道運用為日常交易、娛樂與禮儀活動之共享公間。當社會開始變遷,在成都受西方影響的改革者尋求規範公共空間的使用;而百姓則力爭維持他們對於街道的主張。此一研究最終的衝擊是,為中國城市在轉變年代的社會與文化,開啟新的認識途徑。
Ancient China and its Enemies : The Rise of Nomadic Power in East Asian History, by Nicola Di Cosmo,Cambridge University Press; (November 30, 2003)
  Editorial Reviews
Book Description

Relations between Inner Asian nomads and Chinese are a continuous theme throughout Chinese history, reaching particularly dramatic dimensions with the Mongol (1279-1368) and Manchu (1644-1912) conquests. Nicola Di Cosmo's study is part of a wave of new, revisionist scholarship made possible by important recent archaeological findings in China, Mongolia, and Central Asia that can now be compared to the historical record. In Ancient China and Its Nomadic Enemies, Di Cosmo explores the origins of the cultural and political tensions along China's northern frontiers through the first millennium B.C. Di Cosmo places the rise of pastoral nomadism to the North of China within the context of a larger phenomenon rising from the steppes of Central Asia. In doing so, he analyzes the ethnic, cultural, and political frontiers between nomads and Chinese and considers the cultural perceptions of "others" within a historical context. Di Cosmo assesses the work of Ssu-ma Ch'ien, the "Grand Historian" who wrote the first narrative of the northern nomads in Chinese history, by scrutinizing his motives, methods, and interpretation. Ancient China and Its Nomadic Enemies's new interpretation of well-known historical events will intrigue ancient history scholars, China historians, and archaeologists. Nicola Di Cosmo is Lecturer of Chinese History at the University of Canterbury, in Christchurch, New Zealand. Until recently, he was Associate Professor of Chinese and Inner Asian History in the Department of East Asian Languages and Civilizations at Harvard University. He has published articles in a number of academic journals and is the Book Review Editor for the Inner Asia section of the Journal of Asian Studies and Editor in Charge of the Inner Asian section of the Journal of East Asian Archaeology.

   
Performing the Visual: The Practice of Buddhist Wall Painting in China and Central Asia, 618-960,by Sarah Elizabeth Fraser,Stanford Univ Pr (T); (December 2003)
 

 

Representations of Childhood and Youth in Early China, by Anne Behnke Kinney, Stanford University Press, July 2003
 
Late Qing China and Meiji Japan: Political and Cultural Aspects, Joshua A. Fogel (Editor), EastBridge, July 2003.
 
South China in the Sixteenth Century, by C. R. Boxer, White Orchid, August 2003.
Origins of the Modern Chinese State, by Philip A. Kuhn, Stanford University Press, August 2003.
  Synopsis
Kuhn (history, Harvard U.) contends that the modern state of China emerged in response to internal challenges during the past two centuries. In a collection of four essays, Kuhn examines political philosopher Wei Yuan's (1794-1857) writings on the connection between broader political participation and state power; scholar Feng Guifen's (1809-74) works on the challenge of balancing the public interest and political competition; the decreasing ability of local administration to govern China's huge, complex rural society; and the transformation of the terms of the old agenda during the 19th and 20th centuries. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

From The Critics
Kuhn (history, Harvard U.) contends that the modern state of China emerged in response to internal challenges during the past two centuries. In a collection of four essays, Kuhn examines political philosopher Wei Yuan's (1794-1857) writings on the connection between broader political participation and state power; scholar Feng Guifen's (1809-74) works on the challenge of balancing the public interest and political competition; the decreasing ability of local administration to govern China's huge, complex rural society; and the transformation of the terms of the old agenda during the 19th and 20th centuries. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Empress Wu Zetian in Fiction and in History, by Dora Shu-Fang Dien, Nova Science Publishers, Incorporated, August 2003.
  Summary:
Gender distinction in China, as one observes it through the study of the culture, society, and individual psychology, reveals both major transitions in the role of women but remarkable continuity in the appreciation of their capabilities. This book explores such changes and continuity as evidenced in Chinese mythologies, fictional writings and historical biographies set against the backdrop of Confucianism, evolving Daoism (Taoism), and Buddhist influences, and concludes with what implications this has for gender equality in modern China. The life of Empress Wu Zetian and her accomplishments serve to illustrate how a woman was able to negotiate the realities of societal constraints and came to manage a complex empire in Tang China. The reader will also enjoy tales of adventure and romance in legend and in fiction as women found ways to participate in public life in the dynastic past.
 
China's Use of Military Force: Beyond the Great Wall and the Long March, by Andrew Scobell, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Modern China Ser., September 2003.
 
The Last Empress: The She-Dragon of China, by Keith Laidler, Wiley, John & Sons, Incorporated, November 2003.
  From the Publisher
"In 1856 Emperor Hsien Feng turned over an ornately carved jade name-plaque next to his bedchamber, an action with which he brought a much-desired new concubine to his bed and unwittingly sealed the fate of the Manchu dynasty. A centuries-old prophecy had foretold that Manchu rule in China would be brought to ruin by a woman from the Yeho-Nala tribe; in the darkness of the bedchamber those words became reality. The Emperor was entranced with the young woman he had chosen, and from that time her power over him was ensured. Her name was Yehonala." Forced to enter the Forbidden City at the age of sixteen Yehonala lost her family, her betrothed and the life she had sought. She was entering a world of opulence, scholarship, intrigue and power struggles; a world that had remained for centuries untouched by the outside world or the passing of time, ruled by etiquette and tradition but with danger in every word or gesture. The beautiful young girl proved herself equal to all the court. She rose to be one of the greatest female autocrats in history, the most powerful person in China, maintaining her power with a mixture of seduction, intrigue, manipulation and even murder.
 
China since 1919: Revolution and Reform: A SourceBook, by Alan Lawrance (Editor), Routledge, November 2003.
Publishing, Culture, and Power in Early Modern China, by Kai-Wing Chow, Stanford University Press, December 2003.
The Way and the Word: Science an Medicine in Early China and Greece, by Geoffrey Lloyd, Nathan Sivin ,Yale Univ Pr; (December 1, 2003)
 

Book Description
In this engrossing book, two world-renowned scholars compare and contrast the cosmology, science, and medicine of China and Greece between 400 B.C. and A.D. 200. In the process they cast new light not only on these two rich civilizations but also on the evolving character of science.

From the Back Cover
"A nuanced, sophisticated, and deeply learned reflection on ancient science. . . . [The book] will be the foundation for thinking about the deep structures of the sociology of knowledge in antiquity."-Thomas Laqueur, Times Literary Supplement

About the Author
Sir Geoffrey Lloyd is emeritus professor of ancient philosophy and science at the University of Cambridge. Nathan Sivin is professor of Chinese culture and of the history of science at the University of Pennsylvania.

British Naturalists in Qing China: Science, Empire, and Cultural Encounter, by Fa-TI Fan,Harvard Univ Pr; (January 2004)
Comparative Essays in Early Greek and Chinese Rational Thinking, by Jean-Paul Reding, Ashgate Publishing Company; (January 2004)
Historical Records of the Five Dynasties (Translations from the Asian Classics), by Xiu Ouyang, Richard L. Davis,Columbia University Press; (February 2004)
A Plague upon Humanity: The Secret Genocide of Axis Japan's Germ Warfare Operation, by Daniel Barenblatt, HarperCollins Publishers, January 6, 2004.
  Library Journal
Truly a story for our times, though it took place during World War II. Barenblatt chronicles how Japanese doctors infected some 250,000 individuals-mostly Chinese civilians, though POWs were also victimized-with virulent strains of anthrax, cholera, and other epidemic diseases but were ultimately shielded from prosecution by Gen. Douglas MacArthur himself. Copyright 2003 Reed Business Information.
   
British Naturalists in Qing China: Science, Empire, and Cultural Encounter, by Fa-TI Fan,Harvard Univ Pr; (January 2004)
Comparative Essays in Early Greek and Chinese Rational Thinking, by Jean-Paul Reding, Ashgate Publishing Company; (January 2004)
Historical Records of the Five Dynasties (Translations from the Asian Classics), by Xiu Ouyang, Richard L. Davis,Columbia University Press; (February 2004)
A Plague upon Humanity: The Secret Genocide of Axis Japan's Germ Warfare Operation, by Daniel Barenblatt, HarperCollins Publishers, January 6, 2004.