English

2012 New History
P. O. Box 1-44, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, R. O. C.
02-2782-9555 # 226

The Anglo-Norman Kings versus the Church and the Barons

Frederick Hok-ming Cheung

Department of History, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

The relations between the Anglo-Norman kings, the Church, and the barons were complex. This article attempts to look into: (1) the relations between the Anglo-Norman kings and the Church, including the Normanization of the clergy in the early period; (2) the baronial policies of the Norman kings; and (3) the struggle between the central royal administration and the local forces. In sum, William I, as the dominating Conqueror, was able to Normanize both the Church and the aristocracy in a decade or so. William II had to rely on his loyal episcopal curiales to suppress some restless barons. Henry I, during his thirty-five years of reign, successfully centralized his administration by nurturing a group of curiales, such as the sheriff-justiciars and the itinerant justiciars, raised from the Church or the local magnates. Unfortunately, Stephen lost his control over the kingdom in 1139. After more than a decade of civil wars, which further weakened the Norman kingship, the Norman dynasty ended as Stephen died in 1154.

 

Key Words: Anglo-Norman Kings, Church, barons