2016 New History
P. O. Box 1-44, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, R. O. C.
02-2782-9555 # 226

The Reaction of Local Elites to the International and Domestic
Situation around 1900

Haibin Dai

Department of History, Fudan University

During the Boxer Uprising, while the Qing court declared war in north China, the southeast provinces made a peace agreement with foreign countries. Local officials and local elites shared a dissatisfaction with the central government and so made ceasefire agreements with foreign governments. This article explores the meaning and the boundaries of the so-called consensus of local officials and elites. In the political choices that were characterized by disobeying the orders of the central government, how did local elites regard the country and the foreign powers? The author also explores the different views of local elites. With the development of the international situation and the growing external threats, the trends of local divisions decreased and nationalism reached its peak. Local elites put forward their own plans to save the country at the cost of betraying the existing regime. After the Boxer War, the central government began to undertake fundamental reforms deemed civilizational progress, but rejection of both the foreign powers and the Manchus became themes of the time. All of these ideas would be inherited by the Republic of China.


Keywords: Boxer Uprising, mutual protection in the southeast, local elites, local divisions, civilizational progress, nationalism