English

2012 New History
P. O. Box 1-44, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, R. O. C.
02-2782-9555 # 226

Islet Depopulation and Plains Resettlement:
The Policy of the Dutch East India Company on Forced Migration of Formosan Austronesians

Peter Kang

Institute of History and Philology, Academia Sinica

This article explores how colonial territorial control developed into forced settlement migration on both the off-shore islets and mountain areas when the Dutch East India Company (VOC) administered Taiwan in the seventeenth century.  Two governors-general, Anthonio van Diemen (gov. 1636-1645) and Cornelis van der Lijn (gov. 1645-1650), were responsible for the migration policy, even while they represented different ideas on colonial administration.  Van Diemen aggressively pursued expansionist policies, whereas Van der Lijn was more conservative and cost-benefit minded.  In addition to highlighting both the original purposes and the actual implementation of settlement migration policy, this article attempts to provide insight into its long-term and short-terms effects.

 

Keywords: Dutch East India Company (VOC), forced settlement migration, territorial control