English

2012 New History
P. O. Box 1-44, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, R. O. C.
02-2782-9555 # 226

The Case Study of Mary McLeod Bethune, 1924-1928

Wen-ling Huang

Research Assistant, Institute of European and American Studies, Academia Sinica

‘New Negro’ and ‘Negro Renaissance’ are both attempting to build up racial consciousness in the 1920s. Mary McLeod Bethune adopted the strategies to response to the challenge of the time different from the traditional style of the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs during her term of the Director of the Board. She tried to condense black women’s power, to encourage them to participate in politics, to strive for black civil rights through reforming this organization and establishing the National Headquarters. Bethune’s efforts didn’t get any strong support form the core of the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs. The drop height was reflected on the mulatto “Lift as We Climb”. Instead of using the way of self-help to integrate into white men’s society, Bethune insisted on internationalizing the racial issue, and helping racial corporation on the basis of equality rather than transmitting the true womanhood of white middle class on black women’s life style.

 

Key words: Mary McLeod Bethune, black women, the National Association of Colored Women’s Clubs, racial issues, 1920s