English

2012 New History
P. O. Box 1-44, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, R. O. C.
02-2782-9555 # 226

The Summit of Kampo Medicine in Japan: the Life and Works of Mori Tachiyuki

Xiumei Guo

History of Medicine, Medicine Department, Juntendo Universiy

Chinese medicine in 19th century Japan culminated in the career of Mori Tachiyuki森立之, who came from a long line of physicians. He followed such famous scholars as Izawa Rangen伊澤蘭軒 , and Taki Motokata多紀元堅 to learn philology, phonology, textual research and medicine. When he was young he was banished to Sagami相模 for 12 years, where he identified himself with farmers, hunters and local folk physicians, accumulated plenty of rich experiences and made on-the-spot observations and studies of medicinal plants, animals and minerals. After returning to Tokyo, he was long engaged in the studies of Han Learning and medical literature, and teaching. He compiled such books as “Notes to Treatise on Febrile Diseases”傷寒論攷注 , “Notes to Synopsis of Prescriptions of the Golden Chamber”金匱要略攷注 , “Notes to Shen Nong’s Herbal”(本草經攷注) , “Notes to PIain Questions”素問攷注and “A series of Notes to Zhi Yuan”枳園叢攷. He widely applied the ideas and methods of Chinese physicians of past dynasties and the evidential studies scholars of the Qing Dynasty, while inheriting the research achievements made by outstanding Japanese specialists in medicine, and corrected literal mistakes and misunderstandings which had spread for a long time. He also completed the Japanization of traditional Chinese medicine.

 

 

Keywords: Mori Tachiyuki, the Edo Period, the study of historical evidence, Kampo medicine