2012 New History
P. O. Box 1-44, Nankang, Taipei 11529, Taiwan, R. O. C.
02-2782-9555 # 226

Fengsu and Visions of History

Mio Kishimoto

Graduate School of Humanities and Sociology ,The University of Tokyo

“fengsu” is a very common word which has long been regarded by Chinese intellectuals as a keyterm concerning social order. Nevertheless, few researches have been made about the concept of “fengsu”. This article tries to illustrate some features of the concept of “fengsu” with its significance in today’s historiography. This article consists of three parts: the first part will elaborate the meaning of “fengsu” through three pairs of contrastive notions such as “variation and universality,” “sophistication and simplicity,” and “individual and society”; the second part will analyse Ku Yenwu’s historical view of “fengsu” and expound the reason why Ming-Ch’ing intellectuals attached importance to “fengsu” and the last part will discuss how the concept of “fengsu” would inspire today’s historiography.


Keywords: customs, mores, Ku Yenwu, visions of history, civilization and culture